Fake news? Alternative facts? Truthiness?
How can you tell fact from fiction in today's media? Reliable sources of information are important.
Below are some guidelines that can help in identifying what is fact or fiction when using online information resources.
The C.A.R.S. checklist for evaluating Internet Sources (Harris and Spinks 2007)
Credibility- A source that is created by a person or organization who knows the subject and who cares about its quality. Ask yourself: Is the author listed? Is the author an authority on the subject? How do you know?
Accuracy- A source with information that is current, complete, and correct.
Does the information on the site agree with other sources? What is the date of publication or copyright? How recently has the site been updated?
Reasonableness- A source that is truthful and unbiased.
Does the author, host, publisher, or sponsor have a bias? What is the motivation or purpose for creating the site? (To sell a product? To advance a viewpoint or belief? To educate?)
Support- A sources with verifiable sources of information. Are the sources listed? Can they be checked? Is there a way to contact the author or organization?
Fact checking sites: